Experience Sampling Methods to Elevate Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in the Workplace

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The pursuit of diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) in the workplace is an ongoing journey, one that requires innovative approaches to understand and foster an environment where all employees can thrive. Experience Sampling Methods (ESM) serve as a critical tool for capturing the lived experiences of employees in real time, providing invaluable data to shape effective DEI strategies. This blog post will delve into how ESM can be utilized to strengthen DEI efforts, ensuring that initiatives are not just performative but impactful and sustained.

How ESM Enhances DEI Initiatives

Experience Sampling Methods involve periodic signals prompting individuals to report on their current experiences, thoughts, and feelings. For DEI, this can translate to:

  1. Capturing Microaggressions and Subtle Biases: Through frequent sampling, ESM can document instances of microaggressions or unconscious bias that might otherwise go unreported or unnoticed (Smyth & Stone, 2003).
  2. Measuring Inclusion in Real-Time: ESM allows organizations to gauge how inclusive their environment is by asking employees to describe their sense of belonging and treatment by peers throughout the workday (Kim et al., 2018).
  3. Monitoring the Effectiveness of DEI Training: By collecting data before and after DEI training sessions, ESM can provide insights into how these initiatives change day-to-day experiences and interactions (Liao, 2018).
Benefits of ESM in Advancing DEI:

The implementation of ESM offers several advantages for advancing DEI in the workplace:

  • Immediate Insights: ESM captures data that reflects current feelings and behaviors, allowing for more timely and relevant interventions.
  • Rich Data Collection: Repeated sampling provides a more comprehensive picture of the workplace environment from a DEI perspective.
  • Employee Empowerment: By giving employees a voice through ESM, they can actively contribute to the organization's DEI development.
Challenges and Ethical Considerations:

While ESM is a powerful method for enhancing DEI, it does come with challenges:

  • Data Overload: The high volume of data collected can be overwhelming and requires sophisticated analysis methods (Conner & Lehman, 2012).
  • Participant Fatigue: Repeated prompts can lead to lower response rates over time, potentially skewing data (Wen et al., 2017).
  • Privacy and Confidentiality: Protecting the anonymity of employees’ responses is crucial to maintaining trust and ethical integrity (Morey, 2016).


Experience Sampling Methods present a transformative opportunity to authentically measure and improve DEI in the workplace. By tapping into real-time experiences, organizations can make data-driven decisions that foster a truly inclusive environment. The challenges associated with ESM are not insurmountable and, when addressed carefully, can lead to a deeper understanding and commitment to DEI in corporate culture.

ExpiWell serves to help by providing an easy and convenient solution to conduct experience sampling in your organization so you can enhance DEI efforts. If you are interested, please contact us at and we would love to help you build a more inclusive organization.


  • Smyth, J. M., & Stone, A. A. (2003). Ecological momentary assessment research in behavioral medicine. Journal of Happiness Studies, 4(1), 35-52.
  • Kim, S., Wang, Y., & Murtuza, M. (2018). Towards a new understanding of team dynamics in the multiteam system: An empirical test of transactive memory systems as a meso-level construct. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1256.
  • Liao, H. (2018). Inclusion behaviors in the workplace: Transforming the research frontier for a better integration of diversity and inclusion. Journal of Applied Psychology, 103(12), 1231-1235.
  • Conner, T. S., & Lehman, B. J. (2012). Getting started: Launching a study in daily life. In M. R. Mehl & T. S. Conner (Eds.), Handbook of research methods for studying daily life (pp. 89-107). The Guilford Press.
  • Morey, T. (2016). Workplace surveillance. Knowledge Quest, 44(4), 58-61.
  • Wen, C. K. F., Schneider, S., Stone, A. A., & Spruijt-Metz, D. (2017). Compliance with mobile ecological momentary assessment protocols in children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 19(4), e132.

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